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Using OpenID Connect (OIDC) Multi-Tenancy

This guide demonstrates how your OpenID Connect (OIDC) application can support multi-tenancy so that you can serve multiple tenants from a single application. Tenants can be distinct realms or security domains within the same OpenID Provider or even distinct OpenID Providers.

When serving multiple customers from the same application (e.g.: SaaS), each customer is a tenant. By enabling multi-tenancy support to your applications you are allowed to also support distinct authentication policies for each tenant even though if that means authenticating against different OpenID Providers, such as Keycloak and Google.

Please read the OIDC Bearer token authentication guide if you need to authorize a tenant using Bearer Token Authorization.

If you need to authenticate and authorize a tenant using OpenID Connect Authorization Code Flow, read the OIDC code flow mechanism for protecting web applications guide.

Also see the OIDC configuration properties reference guide.

Prerequisites

Para concluir este guia, você precisa:

  • Cerca de 15 minutos

  • Um IDE

  • JDK 11+ instalado com 'JAVA_HOME' configurado adequadamente

  • Apache Maven 3.9.5

  • Um container runtime instalado (Docker ou Podman)

  • Opcionalmente, o Quarkus CLI se você quiser usá-lo

  • Opcionalmente, Mandrel ou GraalVM instalado e configurado apropriadamente se você quiser criar um executável nativo (ou Docker se você usar uma compilação de contêiner nativo)

  • jq tool

Architecture

In this example, we build a very simple application which supports two resource methods:

  • /{tenant}

This resource returns information obtained from the ID token issued by OpenID Provider about the authenticated user and the current tenant.

  • /{tenant}/bearer

This resource returns information obtained from the Access token issued by OpenID Provider about the authenticated user and the current tenant.

Solution

We recommend that you follow the instructions in the next sections and create the application step by step. However, you can go right to the completed example.

Clone the Git repository: git clone https://github.com/quarkusio/quarkus-quickstarts.git, or download an archive.

The solution is located in the security-openid-connect-multi-tenancy-quickstart directory.

Creating the Maven Project

First, we need a new project. Create a new project with the following command:

CLI
quarkus create app org.acme:security-openid-connect-multi-tenancy-quickstart \
    --extension='oidc,resteasy-reactive-jackson' \
    --no-code
cd security-openid-connect-multi-tenancy-quickstart

Para criar um projeto Gradle, adicione a opção --gradle ou --gradle-kotlin-dsl.

Para obter mais informações sobre como instalar e usar a CLI do Quarkus, consulte o guia Quarkus CLI.

Maven
mvn io.quarkus.platform:quarkus-maven-plugin:3.5.3:create \
    -DprojectGroupId=org.acme \
    -DprojectArtifactId=security-openid-connect-multi-tenancy-quickstart \
    -Dextensions='oidc,resteasy-reactive-jackson' \
    -DnoCode
cd security-openid-connect-multi-tenancy-quickstart

Para criar um projeto Gradle, adicione a opção '-DbuildTool=gradle' ou '-DbuildTool=gradle-kotlin-dsl'.

Para usuários do Windows:

  • Se estiver usando cmd, (não use barra invertida '\' e coloque tudo na mesma linha)

  • Se estiver usando o Powershell, envolva os parâmetros '-D' entre aspas duplas, por exemplo, '"-DprojectArtifactId=security-openid-connect-multi-tenancy-quickstart"'

If you already have your Quarkus project configured, you can add the oidc extension to your project by running the following command in your project base directory:

CLI
quarkus extension add oidc
Maven
./mvnw quarkus:add-extension -Dextensions='oidc'
Gradle
./gradlew addExtension --extensions='oidc'

This will add the following to your build file:

pom.xml
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.quarkus</groupId>
    <artifactId>quarkus-oidc</artifactId>
</dependency>
build.gradle
implementation("io.quarkus:quarkus-oidc")

Writing the application

Let’s start by implementing the /{tenant} endpoint. As you can see from the source code below it is just a regular Jakarta REST resource:

package org.acme.quickstart.oidc;

import jakarta.inject.Inject;
import jakarta.ws.rs.GET;
import jakarta.ws.rs.Path;
import jakarta.ws.rs.Produces;

import org.eclipse.microprofile.jwt.JsonWebToken;

import io.quarkus.oidc.IdToken;

@Path("/{tenant}")
public class HomeResource {
    /**
     * Injection point for the ID Token issued by the OpenID Connect Provider
     */
    @Inject
    @IdToken
    JsonWebToken idToken;

    /**
     * Injection point for the Access Token issued by the OpenID Connect Provider
     */
    @Inject
    JsonWebToken accessToken;

    /**
     * Returns the ID Token info. This endpoint exists only for demonstration purposes, you should not
     * expose this token in a real application.
     *
     * @return ID Token info
     */
    @GET
    @Produces("text/html")
    public String getIdTokenInfo() {
        StringBuilder response = new StringBuilder().append("<html>")
                .append("<body>");

        response.append("<h2>Welcome, ").append(this.idToken.getClaim("email").toString()).append("</h2>\n");
        response.append("<h3>You are accessing the application within tenant <b>").append(idToken.getIssuer()).append(" boundaries</b></h3>");

        return response.append("</body>").append("</html>").toString();
    }

    /**
     * Returns the Access Token info. This endpoint exists only for demonstration purposes, you should not
     * expose this token in a real application.
     *
     * @return Access Token info
     */
    @GET
    @Produces("text/html")
    @Path("bearer")
    public String getAccessTokenInfo() {
        StringBuilder response = new StringBuilder().append("<html>")
                .append("<body>");

        response.append("<h2>Welcome, ").append(this.accessToken.getClaim("email").toString()).append("</h2>\n");
        response.append("<h3>You are accessing the application within tenant <b>").append(accessToken.getIssuer()).append(" boundaries</b></h3>");

        return response.append("</body>").append("</html>").toString();
    }
}

In order to resolve the tenant from incoming requests and map it to a specific quarkus-oidc tenant configuration in application.properties, you need to create an implementation for the io.quarkus.oidc.TenantConfigResolver interface which can be used to resolve the tenant configurations dynamically:

package org.acme.quickstart.oidc;

import jakarta.enterprise.context.ApplicationScoped;

import org.eclipse.microprofile.config.ConfigProvider;

import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcRequestContext;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcTenantConfig;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcTenantConfig.ApplicationType;
import io.quarkus.oidc.TenantConfigResolver;
import io.smallrye.mutiny.Uni;
import io.vertx.ext.web.RoutingContext;

@ApplicationScoped
public class CustomTenantResolver implements TenantConfigResolver {

    @Override
    public Uni<OidcTenantConfig> resolve(RoutingContext context, OidcRequestContext<OidcTenantConfig> requestContext) {
        String path = context.request().path();

        if (path.startsWith("/tenant-a")) {
           String keycloakUrl = ConfigProvider.getConfig().getValue("keycloak.url", String.class);

            OidcTenantConfig config = new OidcTenantConfig();
            config.setTenantId("tenant-a");
            config.setAuthServerUrl(keycloakUrl + "/realms/tenant-a");
            config.setClientId("multi-tenant-client");
            config.getCredentials().setSecret("secret");
            config.setApplicationType(ApplicationType.HYBRID);
            return Uni.createFrom().item(config);
        } else {
            // resolve to default tenant config
            return Uni.createFrom().nullItem();
        }
    }
}

From the implementation above, tenants are resolved from the request path so that in case no tenant could be inferred, null is returned to indicate that the default tenant configuration should be used.

Note the tenant-a application type is hybrid - it can accept HTTP bearer tokens if provided, otherwise it will initiate an authorization code flow when the authentication is required.

Configuring the application

# Default Tenant Configuration
%prod.quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus
quarkus.oidc.client-id=multi-tenant-client
quarkus.oidc.application-type=web-app

# Tenant A Configuration is created dynamically in CustomTenantConfigResolver

# HTTP Security Configuration
quarkus.http.auth.permission.authenticated.paths=/*
quarkus.http.auth.permission.authenticated.policy=authenticated

The first configuration is the default tenant configuration that should be used when the tenant can not be inferred from the request. Note that a %prod profile prefix is used with quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url - it is done to support testing a multi-tenant application with Dev Services For Keycloak. This configuration is using a Keycloak instance to authenticate users.

The second configuration is provided by TenantConfigResolver, it is the configuration that will be used when an incoming request is mapped to the tenant tenant-a.

Note that both configurations map to the same Keycloak server instance while using distinct realms.

Alternatively you can configure the tenant tenant-a directly in application.properties:

# Default Tenant Configuration
%prod.quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus
quarkus.oidc.client-id=multi-tenant-client
quarkus.oidc.application-type=web-app

# Tenant A Configuration
quarkus.oidc.tenant-a.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/tenant-a
quarkus.oidc.tenant-a.client-id=multi-tenant-client
quarkus.oidc.tenant-a.application-type=web-app

# HTTP Security Configuration
quarkus.http.auth.permission.authenticated.paths=/*
quarkus.http.auth.permission.authenticated.policy=authenticated

and use a custom TenantConfigResolver to resolve it:

package org.acme.quickstart.oidc;

import jakarta.enterprise.context.ApplicationScoped;

import io.quarkus.oidc.TenantResolver;
import io.vertx.ext.web.RoutingContext;

@ApplicationScoped
public class CustomTenantResolver implements TenantResolver {

    @Override
    public String resolve(RoutingContext context) {
        String path = context.request().path();
        String[] parts = path.split("/");

        if (parts.length == 0) {
            // resolve to default tenant configuration
            return null;
        }

        return parts[1];
    }
}

You can define multiple tenants in your configuration file, just make sure they have a unique alias so that you can map them properly when resolving a tenant from your TenantResolver implementation.

However, using a static tenant resolution (configuring tenants in application.properties and resolving them with TenantResolver) prevents testing the endpoint with Dev Services for Keycloak since Dev Services for Keycloak has no knowledge of how the requests will be mapped to individual tenants and can not dynamically provide tenant-specific quarkus.oidc.<tenant-id>.auth-server-url values and therefore using %prod prefixes with the tenant-specific URLs in application.properties will not work in tests or devmode.

When a current tenant represents an OIDC web-app application, the current io.vertx.ext.web.RoutingContext will contain a tenant-id attribute by the time the custom tenant resolver has been called for all the requests completing the code authentication flow and the already authenticated requests, when either a tenant specific state or session cookie already exists. Therefore, when working with multiple OpenID Connect Providers, you only need a path specific check to resolve a tenant id if the RoutingContext does not have the tenant-id attribute set, for example:

package org.acme.quickstart.oidc;

import jakarta.enterprise.context.ApplicationScoped;

import io.quarkus.oidc.TenantResolver;
import io.vertx.ext.web.RoutingContext;

@ApplicationScoped
public class CustomTenantResolver implements TenantResolver {

    @Override
    public String resolve(RoutingContext context) {
        String tenantId = context.get("tenant-id");
        if (tenantId != null) {
            return tenantId;
        } else {
            // Initial login request
            String path = context.request().path();
            String[] parts = path.split("/");

            if (parts.length == 0) {
                // resolve to default tenant configuration
                return null;
            }
            return parts[1];
        }
    }
}

In fact, this is how Quarkus OIDC resolves static custom tenants itself if no custom TenantResolver is registered.

A similar technique can be used with TenantConfigResolver where a tenant-id provided in the context can be used to return OidcTenantConfig already prepared with the previous request.

If you also use Hibernate ORM multitenancy or MongoDB with Panache multitenancy and both tenant IDs are the same and must be extracted from the Vert.x RoutingContext you can pass the tenant id from the OIDC Tenant Resolver to the Hibernate ORM Tenant Resolver or MongoDB with Panache Mongo Database Resolver as a RoutingContext attribute, for example:

public class CustomTenantResolver implements TenantResolver {

    @Override
    public String resolve(RoutingContext context) {
        String tenantId = extractTenantId(context);
        context.put("tenantId", tenantId);
        return tenantId;
    }
}

Starting and Configuring the Keycloak Server

To start a Keycloak Server you can use Docker and just run the following command:

docker run --name keycloak -e KEYCLOAK_ADMIN=admin -e KEYCLOAK_ADMIN_PASSWORD=admin -p 8180:8080 quay.io/keycloak/keycloak:{keycloak.version} start-dev

where keycloak.version should be set to 17.0.0 or higher.

You should be able to access your Keycloak Server at localhost:8180.

Log in as the admin user to access the Keycloak Administration Console. Username should be admin and password admin.

Now, follow the steps below to import the realms for the two tenants:

For more details, see the Keycloak documentation about how to create a new realm.

Running and Using the Application

Running in Developer Mode

To run the microservice in dev mode, use:

CLI
quarkus dev
Maven
./mvnw quarkus:dev
Gradle
./gradlew --console=plain quarkusDev

Running in JVM Mode

When you’re done playing with dev mode, you can run it as a standard Java application.

First compile it:

CLI
quarkus build
Maven
./mvnw install
Gradle
./gradlew build

Then run it:

java -jar target/quarkus-app/quarkus-run.jar

Running in Native Mode

This same demo can be compiled into native code: no modifications required.

This implies that you no longer need to install a JVM on your production environment, as the runtime technology is included in the produced binary, and optimized to run with minimal resource overhead.

Compilation will take a bit longer, so this step is disabled by default; let’s build again by enabling the native build:

CLI
quarkus build --native
Maven
./mvnw install -Dnative
Gradle
./gradlew build -Dquarkus.package.type=native

After getting a cup of coffee, you’ll be able to run this binary directly:

./target/security-openid-connect-multi-tenancy-quickstart-runner

Test the Application

Use Dev Services for Keycloak

Using Dev Services for Keycloak is recommended for the integration testing against Keycloak. Dev Services for Keycloak will launch and initialize a test container: it will import configured realms and set a base Keycloak URL for CustomTenantResolver used in this quickstart to calculate a realm specific URL.

First you need to add the following dependencies:

pom.xml
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.quarkus</groupId>
    <artifactId>quarkus-test-keycloak-server</artifactId>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.rest-assured</groupId>
    <artifactId>rest-assured</artifactId>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>net.sourceforge.htmlunit</groupId>
    <artifactId>htmlunit</artifactId>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
build.gradle
testImplementation("io.quarkus:quarkus-test-keycloak-server")
testImplementation("io.rest-assured:rest-assured")
testImplementation("net.sourceforge.htmlunit:htmlunit")

quarkus-test-keycloak-server provides a utility class io.quarkus.test.keycloak.client.KeycloakTestClient for acquiring the realm specific access tokens and which you can use with RestAssured for testing the /{tenant}/bearer endpoint expecting bearer access tokens. HtmlUnit is used for testing the /{tenant} endpoint and the authorization code flow.

Next, configure the required realms:

# Default Tenant Configuration
%prod.quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus
quarkus.oidc.client-id=multi-tenant-client
quarkus.oidc.application-type=web-app

# Tenant A Configuration is created dynamically in CustomTenantConfigResolver

# HTTP Security Configuration
quarkus.http.auth.permission.authenticated.paths=/*
quarkus.http.auth.permission.authenticated.policy=authenticated

quarkus.keycloak.devservices.realm-path=default-tenant-realm.json,tenant-a-realm.json

Finally, write your test which will be executed in JVM mode:

package org.acme.quickstart.oidc;

import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.containsString;
import static org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions.assertEquals;
import static org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions.assertTrue;

import java.io.IOException;

import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;

import com.gargoylesoftware.htmlunit.SilentCssErrorHandler;
import com.gargoylesoftware.htmlunit.WebClient;
import com.gargoylesoftware.htmlunit.html.HtmlForm;
import com.gargoylesoftware.htmlunit.html.HtmlPage;

import io.quarkus.test.junit.QuarkusTest;
import io.quarkus.test.keycloak.client.KeycloakTestClient;
import io.restassured.RestAssured;

@QuarkusTest
public class CodeFlowTest {

    KeycloakTestClient keycloakClient = new KeycloakTestClient();

    @Test
    public void testLogInDefaultTenant() throws IOException {
        try (final WebClient webClient = createWebClient()) {
            HtmlPage page = webClient.getPage("http://localhost:8081/default");

            assertEquals("Sign in to quarkus", page.getTitleText());

            HtmlForm loginForm = page.getForms().get(0);

            loginForm.getInputByName("username").setValueAttribute("alice");
            loginForm.getInputByName("password").setValueAttribute("alice");

            page = loginForm.getInputByName("login").click();

            assertTrue(page.asText().contains("tenant"));
        }
    }

    @Test
    public void testLogInTenantAWebApp() throws IOException {
        try (final WebClient webClient = createWebClient()) {
            HtmlPage page = webClient.getPage("http://localhost:8081/tenant-a");

            assertEquals("Sign in to tenant-a", page.getTitleText());

            HtmlForm loginForm = page.getForms().get(0);

            loginForm.getInputByName("username").setValueAttribute("alice");
            loginForm.getInputByName("password").setValueAttribute("alice");

            page = loginForm.getInputByName("login").click();

            assertTrue(page.asText().contains("alice@tenant-a.org"));
        }
    }

    @Test
    public void testLogInTenantABearerToken() throws IOException {
        RestAssured.given().auth().oauth2(getAccessToken()).when()
            .get("/tenant-a/bearer").then().body(containsString("alice@tenant-a.org"));
    }

    private String getAccessToken() {
        return keycloakClient.getRealmAccessToken("tenant-a", "alice", "alice", "multi-tenant-client", "secret");
    }

    private WebClient createWebClient() {
        WebClient webClient = new WebClient();
        webClient.setCssErrorHandler(new SilentCssErrorHandler());
        return webClient;
    }
}

and in native mode:

package org.acme.quickstart.oidc;

import io.quarkus.test.junit.QuarkusIntegrationTest;

@QuarkusIntegrationTest
public class CodeFlowIT extends CodeFlowTest {
}

Please see Dev Services for Keycloak for more information about the way it is initialized and configured.

Use Browser

To test the application, you should open your browser and access the following URL:

If everything is working as expected, you should be redirected to the Keycloak server to authenticate. Note that the requested path defines a default tenant which we don’t have mapped in the configuration file. In this case, the default configuration will be used.

In order to authenticate to the application you should type the following credentials when at the Keycloak login page:

  • Username: alice

  • Password: alice

After clicking the Login button you should be redirected back to the application.

If you try now to access the application at the following URL:

You should be redirected again to the login page at Keycloak. However, now you are going to authenticate using a different realm.

In both cases, if the user is successfully authenticated, the landing page will show the user’s name and e-mail. Even though user alice exists in both tenants, for the application they are distinct users belonging to different realms/tenants.

Static tenant configuration resolution

When you set multiple tenant configurations in the application.properties file, you only need to specify how the tenant identifier gets resolved. To configure the resolution of the tenant identifier, use one of the following options:

Default resolution

The default resolution for a tenant identifier is convention based, whereby the authentication request must include the tenant identifier in the last segment of the request path.

The following application.properties example shows how you can configure two tenants named google and github:

# Tenant 'google' configuration
quarkus.oidc.google.provider=google
quarkus.oidc.google.client-id=${google-client-id}
quarkus.oidc.google.credentials.secret=${google-client-secret}
quarkus.oidc.google.authentication.redirect-path=/signed-in

# Tenant 'github' configuration
quarkus.oidc.github.provider=google
quarkus.oidc.github.client-id=${github-client-id}
quarkus.oidc.github.credentials.secret=${github-client-secret}
quarkus.oidc.github.authentication.redirect-path=/signed-in

In this example, both tenants configure OIDC web-app applications to use an authorization code flow to authenticate users and also require session cookies to get generated after the authentication has taken place. After either Google or GitHub authenticates the current user, the user gets returned to the /signed-in area for authenticated users, for example, a secured resource path on the JAX-RS endpoint.

Finally, to complete the default tenant resolution, set the following configuration property:

quarkus.http.auth.permission.login.paths=/google,/github
quarkus.http.auth.permission.login.policy=authenticated

If the endpoint is running on http://localhost:8080, you can also provide UI options for users to log in to either http://localhost:8080/google or http://localhost:8080/github, without having to add specific`/google` or /github JAX-RS resource paths. Tenant identifiers are also recorded in the session cookie names after the authentication is completed. Therefore, authenticated users can access the secured application area without requiring either the google or github path values to be included in the secured URL.

Default resolution can also work for Bearer token authentication but it might be less practical in this case because a tenant identifier will always need to be set as the last path segment value.

Resolve with TenantResolver

The following application.properties example shows how you can resolve the tenant identifier of two tenants named a and b by using the TenantResolver method:

# Tenant 'a' configuration
quarkus.oidc.a.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus-a
quarkus.oidc.a.client-id=client-a
quarkus.oidc.a.credentials.secret=client-a-secret

# Tenant 'b' configuration
quarkus.oidc.b.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus-b
quarkus.oidc.b.client-id=client-b
quarkus.oidc.b.credentials.secret=client-b-secret

You can return the tenant ID of either a or b from quarkus.oidc.TenantResolver:

import quarkus.oidc.TenantResolver;

public class CustomTenantResolver implements TenantResolver {

    @Override
    public String resolve(RoutingContext context) {
        String path = context.request().path();
        if (path.endsWith("a")) {
            return "a";
        } else if (path.endsWith("b")) {
            return "b";
        } else {
            // default tenant
            return null;
        }
    }
}

In this example, the value of the last request path segment is a tenant ID, but if required, you can implement a more complex tenant identifier resolution logic.

Resolve with annotations

You can use the io.quarkus.oidc.Tenant annotation for resolving the tenant identifiers as an alternative to using io.quarkus.oidc.TenantResolver.

Proactive HTTP authentication must be disabled (quarkus.http.auth.proactive=false) for this to work. For more information, see Proactive authentication.

Assuming your application supports two OIDC tenants (hr, and default), all resource methods and classes carrying @Tenant("hr") will be authenticated using the OIDC provider configured by quarkus.oidc.hr.auth-server-url, while all other classes and methods will still be authenticated using the default OIDC provider.

import jakarta.ws.rs.GET;
import jakarta.ws.rs.Path;
import jakarta.ws.rs.Produces;
import jakarta.ws.rs.core.MediaType;

import io.quarkus.oidc.Tenant;
import io.quarkus.security.Authenticated;

@Authenticated
@Path("/api/hello")
public class HelloResource {

    @Tenant("hr") (1)
    @GET
    @Produces(MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN)
    public String sayHello() {
        return "Hello!";
    }
}
1 The io.quarkus.oidc.Tenant annotation must be placed either on resource class or resource method.

Dynamic tenant configuration resolution

If you need a more dynamic configuration for the different tenants you want to support and don’t want to end up with multiple entries in your configuration file, you can use the io.quarkus.oidc.TenantConfigResolver.

This interface allows you to dynamically create tenant configurations at runtime:

package io.quarkus.it.keycloak;

import jakarta.enterprise.context.ApplicationScoped;
import java.util.function.Supplier;

import io.smallrye.mutiny.Uni;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcRequestContext;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcTenantConfig;
import io.quarkus.oidc.TenantConfigResolver;
import io.vertx.ext.web.RoutingContext;

@ApplicationScoped
public class CustomTenantConfigResolver implements TenantConfigResolver {

    @Override
    public Uni<OidcTenantConfig> resolve(RoutingContext context, OidcRequestContext<OidcTenantConfig> requestContext) {
        String path = context.request().path();
        String[] parts = path.split("/");

        if (parts.length == 0) {
            // resolve to default tenant configuration
            return null;
        }

        if ("tenant-c".equals(parts[1])) {
            // Do 'return requestContext.runBlocking(createTenantConfig());'
            // if a blocking call is required to create a tenant config
            return Uni.createFromItem(createTenantConfig());
        }

        // resolve to default tenant configuration
        return null;
    }

    private Supplier<OidcTenantConfig> createTenantConfig() {
        final OidcTenantConfig config = new OidcTenantConfig();

        config.setTenantId("tenant-c");
        config.setAuthServerUrl("http://localhost:8180/realms/tenant-c");
        config.setClientId("multi-tenant-client");
        OidcTenantConfig.Credentials credentials = new OidcTenantConfig.Credentials();

        credentials.setSecret("my-secret");

        config.setCredentials(credentials);

        // any other setting support by the quarkus-oidc extension

        return () -> config;
    }
}

The OidcTenantConfig returned from this method is the same used to parse the oidc namespace configuration from the application.properties. You can populate it using any of the settings supported by the quarkus-oidc extension.

Tenant resolution for OIDC web-app applications

The simplest option for resolving OIDC web-app application configuration is to follow the steps described in the Default resolution section.

Try one of the options suggested below if the default resolution strategy does not work for your application setup.

Several options are available for selecting the tenant configuration which should be used to secure the current HTTP request for both service and web-app OIDC applications, such as:

  • Check URL paths, for example, a tenant-service configuration has to be used for the "/service" paths, while a tenant-manage configuration - for the "/management" paths

  • Check HTTP headers, for example, with a URL path always being '/service', a header such as "Realm: service" or "Realm: management" can help to select between the tenant-service and tenant-manage configurations

  • Check URL query parameters - it can work similarly to the way the headers are used to select the tenant configuration

All these options can be easily implemented with the custom TenantResolver and TenantConfigResolver implementations for the OIDC service applications.

However, due to an HTTP redirect required to complete the code authentication flow for the OIDC web-app applications, a custom HTTP cookie may be needed to select the same tenant configuration before and after this redirect request because:

  • URL path may not be the same after the redirect request if a single redirect URL has been registered in the OIDC Provider - the original request path can be restored but after the tenant configuration is resolved

  • HTTP headers used during the original request are not available after the redirect

  • Custom URL query parameters are restored after the redirect but after the tenant configuration is resolved

One option to ensure the information for resolving the tenant configurations for web-app applications is available before and after the redirect is to use a cookie, for example:

package org.acme.quickstart.oidc;

import java.util.List;

import jakarta.enterprise.context.ApplicationScoped;

import io.quarkus.oidc.TenantResolver;
import io.vertx.core.http.Cookie;
import io.vertx.ext.web.RoutingContext;

@ApplicationScoped
public class CustomTenantResolver implements TenantResolver {

    @Override
    public String resolve(RoutingContext context) {
        List<String> tenantIdQuery = context.queryParam("tenantId");
        if (!tenantIdQuery.isEmpty()) {
            String tenantId = tenantIdQuery.get(0);
            context.addCookie(Cookie.cookie("tenant", tenantId));
            return tenantId;
        } else if (context.cookieMap().containsKey("tenant")) {
            return context.getCookie("tenant").getValue();
        }

        return null;
    }
}

Disabling Tenant Configurations

Custom TenantResolver and TenantConfigResolver implementations may return null if no tenant can be inferred from the current request and a fallback to the default tenant configuration is required.

If you expect that the custom resolvers will always infer a tenant then you do not need to configure the default tenant resolution.

  • To disable the default tenant configuration, set quarkus.oidc.tenant-enabled=false.

The default tenant configuration is automatically disabled when quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url is not configured but either custom tenant configurations are available or TenantConfigResolver is registered.

Note that tenant specific configurations can also be disabled, for example: quarkus.oidc.tenant-a.tenant-enabled=false.

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